Women in today’s world are the backbone of a healthy life for themselves as well as their families. Women’s Health is now one of the top international priorities in recent decades due to the increased women work force. Women’s health is based on an all-encompassing view of health whereby, “health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” and has as its starting point personally-defined needs (e.g. what the woman thinks is right/wrong), rather than professionally-defined needs (e.g. what a doctor thinks is right/wrong). Thus, it is important to encourage them to take control of their body and have access to appropriate health care, education, collaborative decision making between women and their health care providers.
The woman needs to balance her personal and professional life which cannot happen without having a sound nutritional and physical status. A balanced diet can provide a sound nutritional status. Today’s food patterns are not able to provide optimum nutrients. Thus, there is a need to bridge this gap between the increased pace of life & nutritional insufficiency which can be made by healthy nutritional supplements.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex, multifaceted, heterogeneous disorder that affects approximately 5 to 10% of women of reproductive age. It is characterized by hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and chronic anovulation along with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, abdominal obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia as frequent metabolic traits (metabolic syndrome) that culminate in serious long-term consequences such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, endometrial hyperplasia, and coronary artery disease. It is one of the most common causes of anovulatory infertility.
The heterogeneous clinical features of PCOS may change throughout the life span, starting from adolescence to postmenopausal age. These are largely influenced by variation in obesity and metabolic changes. They are also affected by the varied phenotype of women with PCOS, depending on the ethnic backgrounds. Irrespective of geographic locations, a rapidly increasing prevalence of polycystic ovarian insulin resistance syndrome, excess body fat, adverse body fat patterning, hypertriglyceridemia, and obesity-related disease, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, have been reported in Asian Indians, suggesting that primary prevention strategies should be initiated early in this ethnic group.
Obesity contributes to the increased prevalence and severity of PCOS. To treat PCOS, it is recommended to limit the total energy and dietary fat intake. Hypocaloric diets significantly led to reduced body weight and androgen levels in two groups of women with PCOS. The combination of high-protein and low-glycemic-load foods in a modified diet was found to cause a significant increase in insulin sensitivity when compared with a conventional diet.
PCOS improves with weight loss. Meal replacements are an effective strategy for the short-term management of PCOS. A moderate fat or carbohydrate restriction has been found equally effective in maintaining weight reduction and improving reproductive and metabolic variables.